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New commonsense mortgage rule

By Polyana da Costa · Bankrate.com
Wednesday, April 20, 2011
Posted: 1 pm ET

The Fed is proposing a rule that would require lenders to make sure borrowers can afford payments before they are issued a mortgage loan.

Isn't that common sense?  You would think so but it was the lack of basic, commonsense rules that allowed lenders to give out mortgages to people who clearly couldn’t afford them during the housing bubble. The reckless lending practices resulted in a high volume of defaults that contributed to the financial crisis.

Only now regulators seem to have realized that minimum underwriting standards should be required.

According to the 474-page proposal, a creditor would be prohibited from "making a mortgage loan unless the creditor makes a reasonable and good faith determination, based on verified and documented information, that the consumer will have a reasonable ability to repay the loan, including any mortgage-related obligations (such as property taxes)."

The rule is being made pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act and would apply to all consumer mortgage loans except equity lines of credit, timeshare plans, temporary loans and reverse mortgages.

Lenders would be required to follow basic underwriting standards, including verifying borrowers' income and assets, employment, debt obligations, monthly debt-to-income ratio, credit history and monthly mortgage payments.

But the problem is the rule doesn't spell out a guideline with numbers or ratios to determine if the borrower can afford the loan. Regulators are expecting lenders to be "reasonable" and use "good faith" to make the determination. Good luck with that!

And since every rule has an exception, here are the exceptions to the proposed rule:

  • Lenders could be shielded from liability if they opt to making a qualified mortgage, which would be defined under the rule as a loan that does not contain negative amortization, interest-only payments or a balloon payment. Qualified mortgages would also exclude loan terms exceeding 30 years and loan with total points and fees that exceed 3 percent of the total loan amount. The underwriting of the mortgage would have to be based on the maximum interest rate that applies in the first five years. Don't confuse this with a "qualified residential mortgage," which relates to another rule that regulators are considering.
  • Lenders would be allowed to write balloon-payment mortgages in "rural" and "underserved" areas without having to worry about this rule.
  • Borrowers, who currently have a "non-standard mortgage" with risky features such a negative amortization loan, would be allowed to refinance with a "standard mortgage," without having to show proof of income and assets.

Do you agree with these exceptions?

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6 Comments
Jim
May 15, 2011 at 9:49 pm

The most important item is equity, or 'skin in the game'. At a certain down payment level income verivication should not be required because risk is low at 25% down payment.

stgcret
May 15, 2011 at 3:38 pm

Very easy math; HARP 125 = Big Joke! No matter what the new rules state, the bottom line is financial institutions DO NOT WANT TO REFINANCE EXISTING LOANS...Period!!!

uga
April 22, 2011 at 7:57 pm

There is an Arabic proverb, "There is no need to put up signs in the desert saying, 'Don't eat rocks.'"

Nowadays banks are having to be told not to eat rocks.

Homeless
April 21, 2011 at 8:43 am

Last time I went for a mortgage, I had to provide all of this documentation. None of it means anything when income is lost! If you lose your job, or an income earner passes away, all this information means nothing.

And haven't we already learned through this whole mess that the banks have very distorted views of "good faith" and "reasonable". Just one more bit of useless red tape, that they will claim costs to much and will give them MORE reasons to delay modifications and short sales. It's a joke!