If you’ve been toying with the idea of buying a second home, now could be a good time to take the leap. Interest rates are still low, and home prices are rising but within reach.
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Scouting the market
One way to start the search for a second home is to find a real estate agent who is familiar with your desired location. This partner could fill you in on aspects such as weather and traffic patterns, help you evaluate the location and amenities of a property and provide information about comparable sales.
And, with an eye to the long-term value of the property, the agent could fill you in on historical prices and how comparable sales have fared, as well as resale prospects. Factors that tend to have a positive impact are proximity to a major metropolitan area, ease of access and availability of four-season amenities.
If you’ve already decided on a location, start searching for a mortgage that fits your needs.
Gauging your return
With the motivation of quick property flipping largely behind us, second-home buyers nowadays are more geared to enjoying their property rather than looking for a quick return on investment.
Still, you should consider that you will be away from the property much of the time and factor in additional maintenance costs, such as having a management company check for water leaks or frozen pipes.
Getting insurance for a second home may be more challenging than for a primary residence, depending on location. Typically, your second home is located farther away, and insurance companies might be concerned the home will not be properly maintained.
If you are considering a second home on the beach, factor in the cost of flood insurance in addition to your home insurance. It has become more difficult to get flood insurance in coastal communities, and the cost has grown exponentially in some markets.
As for obtaining mortgage financing, lenders look for the same factors as they do for a mortgage on a primary residence. The difference is that you have to qualify for a second-home mortgage in addition to any mortgage debt on your primary home.
Typically, you will need to come up with a down payment of at least 10 percent to 20 percent, meet credit standards and debt-to-income requirements, and provide documents for income and asset verification. If you have a good relationship with the mortgage lender on your primary residence, that might be a good place to start your quest for a second-home mortgage.
If you are looking to tap into any home equity you have accumulated on your primary residence to fund your second-home purchase, keep in mind that if you need the equity for an emergency situation, you may not be able to access it. Also, the days of leveraging one property to buy another with a minimal down payment are gone.
Take into account the tax implications of your purchase. If you use your home as a true second home, you could get a tax deduction on mortgage interest payments, on the same terms as for your first mortgage, as well as for the property taxes.
If you rent out your second home, you will have to consider additional tax ramifications, particularly if the rental period extends beyond 14 days a year.