When preparing your federal tax return, don't forget to count contributions to charitable organizations. Your giving attitude can do more than make you feel good for helping others. When tax filing time arrives, it also might help you lower your tax bill.
Some older taxpayers will find giving easier, but those who donate household goods are going to have to do a little extra work. And all taxpayers who donate cash, regardless of the amount, must deal with more documentation.
IRA direct rolloverIf you are 70½ or older, you can have money from your IRA sent directly to a charitable organization. Traditional IRA and Roth account holders can do this, but it's probably more beneficial to traditional IRA account holders, because much of the money in these accounts is eventually taxable. Now, however, the cash that goes straight to the charity is not counted as taxable income to the IRA owner.
The one drawback is that such direct gifts are not deductible by the donor. That, however, might not be that much of a disincentive.
Taxpayers must itemize to claim any charitable deductions. But many older taxpayers, like the majority of filers of all ages, choose to claim the standard deduction instead. In fact, many older taxpayers find the standard amounts even more appealing, because they are larger for filers age 65 or older.
Thanks to the rollover option, standard deduction filers now won't miss this potential deduction just because they don't itemize. In fact, some taxpayers might be better off, particularly those who must take required minimum distributions but don't need the money for day-to-day expenses. In these cases, they won't have to pay taxes on the IRA distributions that are directly donated.
The IRA donation rollover also might be a good strategy for individuals who face donation limits based on their income. Generally, you cannot donate an amount that exceeds 50 percent of your adjusted gross income. But when the money goes directly to the charity from the IRA, it doesn't count against that limit because it's not included in the filer's gross income.
A temporary law change in December 2008 waives the 2009 minimum distribution requirement, but this direct-to-charity option still could be useful. Any traditional IRA distributions, not just those amounts required by the IRS, are allowed to be transferred to a qualified charity. And if you must make your 2008 RMD withdrawal by April 1, 2009 -- that's the case for some account holders who turned 70½ in 2008 -- you can use this.
'Good' household goodsMany charities are happy to accept used clothing and household goods, and you're allowed to claim the fair market value of those items as a tax deduction. But the amount of goods you can claim might be less than in previous years.
In August 2006, the Pension Protection Act became law. It includes a provision that requires any household goods you donate to be in good or better condition. The change was designed to solve two problems:
First, some taxpayers were using charitable organizations as dumping grounds for articles that really should have been put in a garbage can instead of a donation bin.
Secondly, the value of these donors' claims on the raggedy goods was much too high, meaning they got a larger tax break than they should have. This is the same issue lawmakers confronted when they tightened rules a couple of years ago on donated cars.