Low or no minimum balance
Students don't often have a regular source of income, so it's important to make sure their balances can go low without penalty, says Ken Cyree, a professor of finance at the University of Mississippi in Oxford.
Customers should look for a student checking account that doesn't charge fees if the balance drops below a high number such as $500, he says. Of course, all this assumes the account does not get overdrawn. "If you bounce checks, the fees will add up," he says.
As an alternative, some banks will require a low minimum balance to open an account -- such as $50 -- but then won't require a minimum amount to maintain the account, Cyree says.
Free checks and debit cards
Search for student-centered accounts that have no monthly fee and offer free checking and debit cards, Montanaro says. But before opening up an account, make sure you know whether there are any extra charges that may be assessed and when, and how to avoid them.
"Look at fees for the services you are going to use, things like out-of-network ATM withdrawals, and scrutinize the penalties associated with any missteps," Montanaro says.
Having no monthly fee is a good thing, but you don't want to end up paying for it in other areas, he says.
Ease overdraft penalties
A new checking account could be a student's first foray into budgeting and that could mean costly mistakes in the form of overdrafts, Montanaro says.
When that happens, there's usually a fee for nonsufficient funds, or NSF, typically costing more than $30, he says.
"Overdraft and insufficient-fund charges can quickly turn a small purchase like a cup of coffee into a four course meal," Montanaro says.
To help reduce these fees, many banks allow student checking accounts to link to another savings account or line of credit as a backup, University of Mississippi's Cyree says. If the student overdraws the checking balance, a deposit from the backup account would automatically be transferred into the student checking account.
The bank may charge a fee to make a transfer, but it would likely be much smaller than an NSF charge, he says.
Using backup accounts can be helpful, but students should be careful not to let it lead to a false sense of security, Cyree says. Otherwise, it could lead to another potential problem from young adults: the misuse of credit.
"We don't want to give our college students such a large safety net that they'll feel it's OK to continue to make the same financial mistakes," Cyree says.
Student accounts get high-tech features
Student checking accounts generally feature online bill pay, mobile deposits, online statements and the ability to set up text and email alerts if the balance drops below a certain limit, Montanaro says.
These mobile banking features lessen the reliance on needing to be physically close to a branch. That's important for students, especially if they live in one town during the school year and somewhere else during the summer.
"Most college students today have a smartphone and that's a great tool to access and track their account information. They have the power to track spending, transfer money, deposit checks and monitor account balances at their fingertips," Montanaro says.
In addition to mobile banking, students should look for the ability to set up a schedule to automatically move money from one account, such as checking, to another, such as savings, at regular intervals, says Casey Weade, a CFP and president of Howard Bailey Financial in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
This feature can help young adults build up an emergency fund with little effort. "Being able to set up automatic transfers online is a benefit for someone who is trying to save money," he says.
Seek proximity and convenience
Students should look at the location and ease of access of a bank when choosing a student checking account, Montanaro says. This includes selecting an institution that has ATM locations on and around campus so students can avoid using out-of-network ATMs and their high usage fees, he says.
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In many cases, convenience for students can also mean selecting the same bank as their parents, Weade says. That would make it easier to receive deposits from Mom and Dad, he says.
In fact, Weade says that was exactly what he did in school. "My parents took me right into our bank branch to open an account," he says.