|Relocation can be stressful for pets:
Here's how to make it easier
Americans are well-known for our willingness to share our homes
with other species. So if you're moving, there's a good chance you'll
be traveling with something that barks, purrs, chirps or hisses.
Relocation can be stressful for pets. Dogs and reptiles
will fare pretty well, says Dr. Tate Posey, veterinarian at Promenade
Animal Hospital in Palm Beach Gardens, Fla., but cats and birds
can get stressed out easily.
The first thing to do is take the animal to a veterinarian
certified by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture for a complete checkup.
This should be done no more than a week before moving. Sometimes
a health certificate is necessary for transporting certain animals
across state lines and all airlines require it. The certificate
must be no more than 10 days old at the time of travel.
A lot of travel advice is common sense for pet owners who already
know what it takes to raise a healthy animal. Posey suggests feeding
dogs and cats a small meal before the trip -- half of the normal
amount. Make sure they have water during the trip, especially during
the summer. If you're traveling with a dog, count on stopping every
couple of hours to let the pooch exercise.
It's strongly recommended that all pets travel in
secure travel carriers -- they'll feel safer and will be less likely
to be injured if the driver has to stop short or, worse, gets in
A healthy, well-fed reptile should travel well. Posey
suggests not feeding healthy reptiles until you get to your destination
if you're only traveling for a day.
Birds can present special problems because it's harder
for them to regulate their body temperature in cold conditions --
so make sure the temperature in your vehicle is controlled. Also
be aware that some birds get carsick. Make sure the bird has food
and water and consider covering its cage to keep it calm.
Speaking of keeping calm: Traveling humans will be
calmer if the pets are calm but Posey isn't a big fan of tranquilizers.
"There was a study that showed a significant number
of animals that didn't do well during travel had been tranquilized,"
says Posey. "Sometimes there can be adverse reactions that make
the pet hyper-excitable. It may make things more distorted and bizarre
for the animal, but if a pet typically tries to get out of the carrying
case and may hurt itself, it may be necessary to use drugs."
Posey says an over-the-counter herbal product called "Rescue Remedy"
seems to be effective without the side effects of a tranquilizing
If you're traveling by commercial airline, check with
the carrier to see if they transport animals. Most airlines will
transport pets, either in the cabin or in the cargo hold, but they
all have to follow rules set by the Agriculture Dept.:
- All animals must be at least 8 weeks old and weaned.
- A health certificate from a vet is required and
it must be issued no more than 10 days before departure.
- Small animals that fit in a carrier that fits under
the seat may be transported in the cabin. Airlines have the right
to restrict the type of pet allowed in the cabin. Delta Airlines,
for instance, doesn't allow reptiles, monkeys or pot-bellied pigs
in the cabin.
- All airlines must allow service animals, such as
seeing-eye dogs, in the cabin. They don't have to be in a carrier
but they do have to be harnessed.
- Check with the airline for regulations on kennel
size. If yours doesn't comply, most airlines will supply one for
- The airline also will tell you what information
needs to be displayed on the kennel, including when the animal
was last fed, when it should be fed, and your name and address.
- Kennels must have secured, empty food and water
dishes that must be accessible from outside.
In addition, many airlines require the pet to be checked
in two hours before departure. Fees for transporting a pet can range
from $50 to $100 or more depending on the number of pets being shipped.
-- Posted: Nov. 22, 1999