on a rental property sale
I recently sold a rental property with some creative financing.
I am carrying a 20 percent second mortgage with a balloon payment
due in five years. How do I, or where do I, claim this on my tax
return? I really don't see anywhere on IRS forms to allow this,
so I do not have to pay taxes on the full amount. Help. I'm sleepless
You can rest easy: You do not have to pay tax
on money you did not receive. When a seller provides financing,
he has entered into what is called an installment sale for tax purposes.
An installment sale allows a nondealer to ratably report gain over
the period of collection. A dealer is someone who regularly sells
property out of inventory such as a developer, retailer or wholesaler.
Installment-sale rules only apply if you are not a dealer. An installment
sale is a sale of property at a gain where you receive at least
one payment after the tax year of the sale. A loss is reported in
full in the year of sale. Installment sales are discussed in Publication
Form 6252 is used to report gain on an installment
sale. On Form
6252 you will determine your gross profit, contract price, gross
profit percentage and installment-sale income.
Each payment on an installment sale usually consists
of the following three parts:
- Interest income (you must have adequately
- Return of your adjusted basis in the property.
- Gain on the sale.
In each year you receive a payment, you must include
the interest part in income (Schedule B of Form 1040), as well as
the part that is your gain on the sale (for a rental property, use
Form 4797 and for an investment property, Schedule D). You do not
include in income the part that is the return of your basis in the
property. Basis is the amount of your investment in the property
for tax purposes.
For example, suppose you sell for $100,000 a 3-year-old
investment condo that cost you $54,000. You receive $80,000 down,
plus a note for $20,000 at 6 percent, interest only, due in five
years. Your selling expenses are $6,000 and there was no mortgage
on the property. Your gross profit is $40,000 or 40 percent ($100,000
less $54,000 cost and $6,000 selling expenses). Of the $80,000 that
you received, 40 percent is capital gain, so you would report on
Form 6252 $32,000 in gain and carry that amount through to line
11 on Schedule
Because $48,000 of the $80,000 is a return of your
basis, it is not taxable. You would report the $100 a month in interest
that you receive every tax year on Schedule B (6 percent of $20,000
is $1,200 a year or $100 a month). During the five years you do
not receive a principal payment, you would not need to file Form
6252. In the fifth year you would file Form 6252, completing lines
1 through 4 and part 2 to report the $20,000 of which $8,000 would
be taxable and $12,000 would be a return of principal.
If you sell a property with a mortgage or one that
has depreciation, the computations are a little more complex, so
you may want to consult a CPA.
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