|The right time to start drawing
Social Security benefits
"Actuarially, the government figures it out so
it all works out the same; they're not trying to push people to
take it out early, or to take it out late," says Michael Boone,
CEO and charter financial analyst at M.W. Boone. "There are
two issues here: They're assuming you're average, and they're assuming
their rate of return. The question you have to ask yourself is:
Are you average, and what could you actually do with the money if
you got it earlier?"
Or, as Dirty Harry might put it, are you feeling lucky?
The wellness factor
Seriously, how healthy do you feel? Are you physically active, in
relatively good shape, no bad habits or life-threatening health
problems to speak of? Did everyone in your family live into their
If so, you may want to wait for the larger payoff.
"If you live longer than they expect, you are
actually better off, all other things being equal, to wait,"
says Boone. "The reason for this is you're getting a larger
dollar amount, but you're getting it longer than they thought."
The difference could amount to a windfall over time.
Say you live to 90, your 20-year monthly benefit of $1,464, retiring
at 70, will reap a total payout of $351,360 versus $262,080, if
you retire at 62.
But if you have health problems or other issues that
may shorten your life, you might want to retire earlier.
"If you live a shorter period of time, you would
be better off taking it earlier," says Boone. "That extra
three, four, five years of payments is going to make a big difference
Then again, if you're an active investor who routinely
outperforms the stock market, having the money earlier may enable
you to better the guaranteed payout from Social Security.
For instance, let's imagine that you have other financial
resources, so you deposit your monthly Social Security checks in
an investment account that consistently earns 10 percent, on an
annualized basis (an unlikely scenario, but we're pretending). If
you retire at 62 and deposit $780 per month, by age 77 you'll have
amassed $323,287. But if you wait until 70 to begin drawing benefits
and then start investing $1,464 per month, by age 77 your account
will have grown to $177,071.
The potential for higher returns in the stock market
underpins the main philosophical argument behind President Bush's
push to privatize Social Security. The problem is, the stock market
is risky, so the downside of privatization, of course, is: What
will become of those whose investments underperform?
The working retiree
The other part of this equation, particularly for go-go baby boomers,
is the question of working after retirement.
Can you work and retire? The answer is yes, up to