Renting home to daughter
My husband and I want to buy a new home. We still owe money on our current home but have enough saved up to pay it off early. We would then like to rent it out to our daughter and her family.
What would be the best thing to do? Pay off the mortgage on the old home or use this money to put down on the new one and have two mortgages with rent coming in to help pay the loans? An answer to this question and any input in general you can give for this situation is welcome.
-- Debbie Decision
I'd lean toward having a mortgage on the rental property
so the interest expense would directly offset the rental income that you receive
from your daughter and her family. IRS rules for passive losses on investment
property are likely to apply. The IRS publication 'Passive
Activity Losses - Real Estate Tax Tips' provides some guidance, but what you
decide to charge your daughter for rent is also relevant to the tax implications
of this decision.
If your daughter isn't paying a fair market
rent on the lease, you'll need to consider whether there are gift tax implications.
Since between you and your husband you can gift up to $24,000 per year to any
person without gift tax implications in 2007 (other than gifts of future interests
in property), it's unlikely that this is the case.
alternative is to lease the house to your daughter on a lease-purchase agreement
that gives her first right of refusal to buy the house. You can design the agreement
so that part of the rent payment goes toward the purchase price.
your personal residence to income property also can have tax implications when
you eventually sell the place. Losing the exemption associated with the capital
gains from the sale of a personal residence, for example, could create a tax obligation
that you could have minimized if you sold the home instead.
you can still exclude the gain from the sale of a residence, provided that you
have used the place as your principal home for at least two out of the five years
preceding the sale, so there's some leeway that would allow you to provide a short-term
housing solution for your daughter.
I've given you some things
to think about, but my best advice is for you to consult with a tax professional
on this matter. There are ways to help out your daughter and her family without
her renting your old house.
To ask a question of Dr. Don,
go to the "Ask the Experts" page,
and select one of these topics: "financing a home," "saving & investing"