Top 5 home-buying mistakes
Buying a home
You can't build a good house out of stumbling blocks.
With that fortune-cookie saying in mind, beware of the following
common home-buying mistakes:
1. Misunderstanding the real estate agent's role
Real estate agents are very friendly. That's a major part of their
job. In the course of shopping for a house, a home buyer spends
a lot of time with an agent. However, the wise home buyer understands
who's working for whom. Unless the agent is an exclusive buyer's
agent, he is working for the sellers. Most U.S. states require them
to tell the home buyer this up front, but it's easy to forget. Canadian
buyers should pay special attention because several provinces including
Quebec do not have disclosure requirements.
If an agent's potential dual role is a concern, a
home buyer should hire a buyer's agent who is contracted to work
for the home buyer. This doesn't cost any more than a traditional
agent. A wise home buyer will agree to work with the agent for 30
to 90 days and is wary of anyone who insists on upfront fees or
a long-term contract.
For more on buyer's agents, read "The home buyer's
2. Falling in love
If you think a house is ideal, don't let the seller or any of the
seller's agents know. If the seller finds out you're in love with
the house, she could hold out for a higher price.
A wise home buyer knows there are lots of houses --
and there is one out there that's the right house at the right price.
If you can't
afford it, move on and keep looking.
3. Not doing proper research and preparation
Understand your family's finances and needs. The wise home buyer
will analyze assets, decipher debts and pull credit reports before
plunging into the house hunt. Understanding your finances prevents
wasted time looking at unaffordable houses. Before making any offers,
get pre-approved -- not just pre-qualified -- for a loan.
Learn how to fit a mortgage and housing costs into
your budget by using our calculator, "How much house can you
- Know the neighborhood. Remember, you're not just buying a house;
you're also buying a location. With the agent's help, a home buyer
can find out about the quality of schools, the crime level and
upcoming zoning issues.
- Make a proper offer. Don't base your offer on the seller's
asking price. Instead, get a comparative market analysis from
your agent. This analysis will reveal recent asking and sales
prices of similar homes in the neighborhood. With this, a wise
home buyer can make an offer that is reasonable for that area.
- Understand the responsibilities and costs of homeownership.
The wise home buyer knows owning a home is complicated and potentially
expensive. Besides the mortgage, plan on paying for insurance,
assessments if any, property taxes, repairs, appliances, landscaping
4. Not getting two important contingency clauses
in the contract
When making an offer, a wise home buyer asks for two important clauses
-- a mortgage financing contingency and a professional inspection
contingency. These could save a lot of money and grief.
The mortgage financing contingency clause saves you
if the home doesn't appraise for the offered price. You can cancel
the sale and renegotiate the price or get back your deposit.
The second clause hinges the deal on a professional
inspector OK'ing the house. If the inspector discovers hidden flaws,
structural damage or faulty systems, the wise home buyer may want
to renegotiate or back out of the deal. An even wiser home buyer
goes through the house with the inspector to learn about any concerns
the inspector has.
5. Buying a house that is tough to resell
Many home buyers stay focused on finding a home sweet home where
their families will be happy and safe. But you should also remember
this is a big financial investment. Take a moment to look ahead
to the day you'll sell the house. Knowing the neighborhood and paying
attention to marketable details of the house will go a long way
toward preventing a buying mistake.
Peter Diekmeyer is an independent
business journalist based in Canada. He is the Montreal Gazette's
management columnist and write regularly for numerous Canadian trade